Product Design Glossary

Glossaries

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Term Definition
Aesthetics
The perception, appreciation and sensitivity towards the sensorial features of an artwork, product, design, or object.
Alloy
A metal that contains a mixture of two or more metals (eg. stainless steel)
Anthropometrics
The comparative study of human measurements, proportions and properties.
Computer-Aided Design
The use of a computer hardware and software to create, modify, analyse, and optimise a design.
Concept
An idea that has not been resolved or finalised.
Density
The mass per unit volume of a material.
Design Elements
The elements are physical marks, features, components or parts which can be isolated and defined in any visual design. These include point, line, shape, form, tone, texture, colour, sound, smell, taste or typography.
Design Principles
The principles of design are key concepts used to organize or arrange the elements of design. The principles of design include emphasis, harmony, repetition, rhythm, pattern, dominance, unit, proportion, scale, hierachy, balance, contrast, variety and focal point.
Drawing, Instrumental
A drawing that has been completed with the assistance of any device that guides or constrains the drawing media. For traditional drawing media such as pencil, this includes guides, straight edges, or mechanical drawing machines. For digital drawing systems it includes snap-grid features or the use of the CRLT and SHIFT functions.
Drawing, Technical
A drawing that conforms to the requirements of the AS 1100 - Technical Drawing. Students of design should refer to the HB-1 Technical Drawing for Students available from the SAI Global website.
Drawings, Working
A set of drawings used to describe the geometry of a engineered structure, product or environment. These drawing are critical in the building or manufacturing of any part, product, or environment. The drawing set for an engineered structure and product typically consists of individual part drawings, an assembly drawing and a pictorial view of the finished structure or product. For environments it typically includes floor plans, external and internal elevations, reflected light plans, electrical and data data plans, services plans, and any engineered structures,
Ductile
The ability of a meterial to be drawn or extruded into a wire or other entruded form.
Ergonomics
The scientific study concerned with the human form and its interaction with various systems of work. In design, the results of these studies are used to ensure products fit users and reduces the likelihood of stress or strain while increasing productivity.
Ferrous Metal
A metal containing iron (eg. steel).
Function
The ability of a product to perform its intended task.
Hardness
The resistance a material offers to indentation or scratching.
Joining
The connecting of two or more components or materials.
Material
A natural or synthetic resource that can be processed or frabricated into a product by the use of tools, equipment or machinery.
Mood Board
A form of visual stimulus, these boards contain a collection of reference materials and images that describe the qualities of a client, user, product, enviornment etc. This often includes references to cultures or sub-cultures, the elements and principles of design, materials, production methods, drawing systems, functional properties etc.
Non-ferrous Metal
A metal that does not contain iron (eg. aluminium, gold, silver etc.)
Occupational Health and Safety
The practice of ensuring the health, safety and wellbeing through preventative controls.
Orthogonal

To project forward at 90ยบ.

Plane
A flat continual or infinite surface. eg. a horizontal plane.
Research
The strategic and methodical investigation into and study of information and sources in order to be inspired, establish facts, reach new conclusions.
Style Board
A Collection of images gathered onto a presentation board or digital projection to help clarify and communicate aspects of research in response to the given design brief. This usually includes influences (historic or contemporary), elements and principals of design, fashion trends etc. of the yet-undesigned product.
Three Dimensional
A form or object with three measureable dimensions ie. Width, depth, and height.
Timber Plane
A woodworking tool that removes wood to create a flat surface.
Two Dimensional
A surface or plane having only two measurements ie. width and length.
Unit of Measure
A divisional system or standard used to measure lenght, height, depth, volume, or area. Metric units of measure include millimetres, centimetres, metres. Imperial units of measure include inches, feet, yards.